A special chapter in the history of Serpukhov motorcycles is the creation of unique racing machines.

A more advanced racing motorcycle S-360 was developed by TsKEB in 1960 together with the Czech plant Jawa. A two-cylinder four-stroke 350 cc engine developed 50.5 hp. at 10,100 rpm, the motorcycle accelerated to 210 km/h. This device brought Soviet racers the first successes abroad: in 1961, Nikolai Sevostyanov took third place in the international race in Finland, the following year – sixth place at the World Championship stage in the GDR, and in 1963 – fifth place at the championship stage in the GDR and fourth in Finland.

Developed under the leadership of Svyatoslav Yuryevich Ivanitsky, they eventually reached the world-class level and in the 1960s allowed Soviet riders to successfully compete in the World Championship, some winning prizes. It was these machines that first drew attention to Soviet motorcycles in the West, and the nickname “Vostok” was received there.

The pinnacle of the development of Soviet racing motorcycles is the legendary four-cylinder Vostok. In 1964, the 350 cc C-364 (59 hp, 230 km/h) entered the racetracks. Endel Kiisa took third place at the Finnish Grand Prix – the first podium for a Soviet rider in the World Road Championship. The 500 cc C-565 (80 hp, 250 km/h) debuted in 1968. Nikolai Sevostyanov finished fourth in Finland. Alas, the program of performances of Soviet racers then was limited only to episodic trips to nearby countries, and after 1969 it ceased altogether.

In 1965, the All-Union Scientific Research Design and Technological Institute of Motorcycles and Small Gasoline Internal Combustion Engines (VNIIMotoprom) was established on the basis of TsKEB. The full name reflects another aspect of its activity – the development of small-capacity engines for stationary installations, primarily for military use.


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